Taekwondo Terminology



Since Taekwondo originated in the Korean peninsula (see history of Taekwondo) the Korean language is the common practice for commands, orders and moves in traditional Taekwondo.

Below is some terminology for several commands, body parts, moves, kicks, and other words that may be used in the dojang (training hall). Please follow your instructors advice and pronunciation if needed; some schools may focus on more terminology than others.

Disclaimer: Sorry, but we are using the most common Korean pronunciation in English spelling. If you know it differently, please forgive us or provide your interpretation and we will address it.

Counting

English

one

two

three

four

five

six

seven

eight

nine

ten


20

21

30

31

40

41

50

60

70

80

90

100


First

Second

Third

Fourth

Fifth

Sixth

Seven

Eighth

Ninth

Tenth

20th

30th

40th

50th


Korean

hanna

deul

set

net

dasut

yasut

ligup

yeodul

ahop

yeol


Soo Moo

Soo Moo Hana

Saroon

Saroon Hana

Mahoon

Mahoon Hana

Shioon

Yesson

Iiheun

Yudoon

Aheun

Bak


Il

Eh

Sam

Sa

Oh

Yook

Chil

Pal

Cu

Sip

Eship

Samship

Sahsip

Ohship



Rank and Testing

English

black belt rank/degree

system of rank

grade/color belt

student

junior student

pupil

grandmaster (7th -9th)

assistant instructor (1st -3rd)

junior black belt

instructor ("master") (4th-6th)

grading (or promotional) test

examiner for test

senior student

trainee

Korean

dan

dan gup jedo

gup

hak saeng

hu bae nim

jeja

kwan jang nim

kyo sah nim

poom

sah bum nim

simsa

simsa kwan

sun bae nim

suryun saeng


Equipment

English

belt

chest protector

forearm guard

groin cup

mouth guard

protective gloves

protective head gear

safety gear

shin guard

training pants

uniform


Korean

dhee

hogoo/hogu

pahlmahk bohodae

nang shim bohodae

eep bohodae

sahn boho jang kap

muh ree bohodae

bo hogul

jung kang yi bohodae

ha'i

dobok



Kicks

English

ax kick; "downward foot strike"

back kick

back kick

back round kick ("hook kick")

combination (consecutive) kick

crescent kick ("half moon kick")

falling kick (leg sweep)

flying kick

front kick

half round kick ("instep kick")

holding (grasp) kick

hook kick

hook kick

hopping kick

jumping kick

kick

linear kick

pickax kick

pushing kick

round house/turning kick

scissors kick

side kick

sliding kick (also "mikulgi chagi")

spinning kick

stooping kick

straight leg lifting

stretching kick

wheel kick

Korean

nehryuh jeek gi

dwi chagi

dwit chagi

dwi dolrya chagi

yung seuk chagi

bahndall chagi

ohpo chagi

nalla chagi/goong jung chagi

ap chagi

bahn dolrya chagi

japgo chagi

gullgi chagi/golcho chagi/

buryeo chagi

natgeh tdwim yu chagi

tdwim yah chagi

chagi

illja chagi

gokwang i chagi

mil a chagi/mil gi chagi

dollyo chagi/pique chagi (low)

gahwi chagi

yeop chagi

meekulmyu chagi

dolmyo chagi

nachu oh chagi

aptcha-olleggie

cha olligi

hoohrio chagi


Body Parts

English

ankle

arch of foot

arm

back hand

back of forearm

back of heel

back side of forearm

ball of foot

blade of foot

body

bottom of the foot

chin

ear

elbow

eye

face & head

finger

fingertip

fist

foot (or feet)

forearm

groin

hand

head

heel

high section

inner forearm

inner side of forearm

inside edge of foot

inside edge of hand (ridgehand)

instep

instep

instep of foot

joint

knee

leg

lower body (low section)

middle section

mouth

neck

nose

outer forearm

outer side of forearm

outside edge of foot

outside edge of hand (knifehand)

palm heal

palm side of forearm

shin

shoulder

solar plexus

sole of foot

throat

toes

trunk (middle section)

underside of the foot

waist

Korean

bahl mahk

bahlbong oh ri

pahl

sahn deung

deung pahlmahk

dwitkumchi

wi pahlmahk

ap chook

balnal

mom

dwit chook

tuhk

gui

pahlkup

noon

ulgool

sahnkahrak

sahnkeut

ju mok

bahl

pahlmahk

noolro

sahn

muh ree

dwi koomchi

ulgool/Sahngdahn

an palmok

ahn pahlmahk

an bahl nahl

sahnkal deung

bahldung

baldeung

baldeung

kwanjeol

mooreup

dahree

ahrae

momtong

eep

mok

ko

bakat palmok

bahkat pahlmahk

bahl nahl

sahnkal

batangson

meet pahlmahk

ahp jung kang yi

ouka

myung chi

bahl badak

mokoomeong

bahlkeut

momtong

balkeut

huri


Block

English

`X'-shaped block

cross hand block

diamond-shaped (Hercules) block

high block

inner forearm block

inward block

low block

block

mid section out forearm in block

mid-section outer-forearm block

mid-section outward block

mountain-shaped block

outer forearm block

outer forearm with middle section guarding block

outward block

palm heal block

scissors block

turning block

twin forearm block

twisting block

upward scooping fist block

Korean

yeot pero mahki/kyo cha mahki

eotgeoreo makki

keumgang mahki

eolgul makki

ahn palmahk mahki

ahnuro mahki

ahrae mahki

mahki

bakat palmok momtong anmakki

momtong bakat palmok makki

momtong bakat makki

santeul mahki/osanteul mahki

bahkat palmahk mahki

bakat palmok geodmeo momtong bakat makki

bahkuro mahki

batangson makki

gahwi mahki

dollyo makki

sahng palmahk mahki

bituro mahki

deuluh oll ryu mahki


Four Disciplines of Taekwondo

patterns/forms

sparring

self-defense

breaking

place where one trains (house of discipline)


poosme

kyoruggi

hosinsool

kyulpa

dojang



Commands

English

about face

attention

back

begin

bow

break

break (or stop)

class dismissed

continue

face each other

face examiner/tester

face instructor/master

face senior student

face the flag

fix your belt

fix your uniform

front

high (up)

in your own time

inner

inward

kneel (kneeling)

left

line up

middle

no

outer

outward

ready

relax

return to starting position

reverse

right

shout (or spirit yell)

sit

sit in lotus position (yoga)

stand

Stop

switch your stance (switch feet)

turn

upward

yes

Korean

dwi uro dorah

cha ryuht

dwi

shijak

kyung ye

kalyeo

kalyeo

hai sahn / hae cho

kae sok

jwa woo hyang woo

simsa kwan nim keh

sah bum nim keh

sun bae nim keh

geuk gi hyang ha yoh

dhee dahnjung

dobok dahnjung

ahp

whee

koo ryung op see

ahn

ahnuro

kool o angi

joa/wen

jonglee / ji hap / jung yul

guande

anio

bahkat

bahkuro

choon bi

shiuh

bah ro

bahndae

oo / oh-ruen

kihap

ahnjoe

bah ro angi

elosoh

kuman / mum cho

bahl bah kwah

dorah

whee uro

ye / ne


Stances

English

`L'-stance

`X'-stance

back stance

cat (or tiger) stance

close stance

crane stance

crossed foot stance

diagonal stance

fighting stance

front stance

horseback riding stance

kicking stance

Long Stance

middle stance

natural stance

parallel stance

ready stance

sitting stance

sparring stance

stance

Walking Stance

Korean

niun ja sohgi

kyo cha sohgi

dwi sohgi

beom sohgi / goyang-I sohgi

mo ah sohgi

hahktari sohgi / ue bal sohgi

koh ah sohgi

sa sun sohgi

mot sohgi

ahp sohgi

juchoom sohgi / kima sohgi

chagi sohgi

ap koobi

guande sohgi

cha yun sohgi

naranhee sohgi

choon bi sohgi /choon bi

ahnjun sohgi

kyorugi sohgi

sohgi

ap seogi


Sparring

English

blue

body evasion by "ducking"

bout (match)

deduction of point

disqualification

injury

judge

juror

offense

one step sparring

out of bounds

point

recorder

red

referee

round (competition segment)

semi free sparring

sparring (free sparing)

three step sparring

tie

time keeper

time out

two step sparring

use of footwork to dodge

warning

white

win

Korean

chung

nachugi

shihap

gam jeum

shil kyuk

boo sang

bu sim

bae sim

gong-kyok

han bun kyorugi

keum bahk

jeum

ki rohk

hong

joo sim

jeon

bahn ja yu kyorugi

kyorugi

sae bun kyorugi

bi kim

kae sim

shi gan

doo bun kyorugi

jajun bahl

kyong go

hin

seung


Strikes/Punches

English

`U' (or `C') shaped punch (hi-lo)

arc hand

back fist

back hand

backfist front stike

backfist side strike

backward elbow strike

combination (consecutive) punch

diamond-shaped punch

double punch

double uppercut punch

doublefist punch

downward punch

elbow strike

fist

flat (or open) fist

forefinger one-knuckle fist

forward punch

hammer-fist

hand technique

hook punch

jumping

knifehand

knifehand neck strike

knifehand with palm up

middle spearhand strike

middle-finger one-knuckle fist

palm heal strike

reverse punch

ridgehand

ripping (or raking) hand

round punch

scissors-shaped spearfingers

side fist

spearfinger thrust

spearhand

spearhand

spearhand Thrust

spring punch

straight (return) punch

strike (with the foot)

strike (with the hand)

strike (with the head)

thrust (or punch)

thumb-knuckle fist

triple punch

two-knuckle fist

upper punch

uppercut punch

upset punch

vertical fist punch

vertical punch

wing-shaped punch

Korean

dikootja chirugi

ah keum sahn

deung joomuk

sahn deung / deung sahn

deungkumeok ap chigi

deungjumeok yeop chigi

palkup dwit chigi

yung seuk chirugi

keumgang chirugi

doo bun chirugi

sosum chirugi

doo joomuk chirugi

nehryuh chirugi

palkup chigi

joomok

pyun joomuk

inju joomuk

baro jureugi

me joomuk

sahn ki sool

gullgi chirugi

tweio

sonnal

sonnal mok chigi

sahnkal jecho

pyeonsonkeut seweo chaeugi

bamchu joomuk

batangson teok chigi

bahndae chirugi

sahnkal deung / oppun sahnkal

galkwi sahn

dolrya chirugi

gawi sahnkeut

yup joomuk

sahnkeut chirugi

seonkeut / sonnal

kwan soo / pyun sahnkeut

pyeonsonkeut chaeugi

soteum chirugi

bahro chirugi

jeek gi

chigi

bahk gi

chirugi

omji joomuk

sae bun chirugi

doo bam joomuk

jae chuh chirugi / jae chin chirugi

chi chirugi

dwijubo chirugi

gotjang chirugi

sewo chirugi

nalgeh chirugi


Miscellaneous

English

changing direction

combination

congratulations!

covering

dodging

escaping

excuse me/pardon me!

four direction

gathering

good-bye (to the person leaving)

good-bye(to the person staying)

hello (used on the phone)

holding/grabbing

How are you?

I don't understand

I understand

I'm sorry

it is fun (or interesting)!

less formal:"good-bye" (leaving)

less formal: "good-bye" (staying)

less formal: "How are you?"

less formal form of "I'm sorry!"

less formal form of "thank you"

movement of the body

moving in a particular direction

pleased to meet you!

rolling/tumbling

see you later!

sliding (also "mee kul gi")

spinning

spreading

stepping (also "omkyuh didigi")

thank you

that's all right

throwing

to turn

twisting

walking

welcome!

you're welcome





Korean

bang hyang bakoogi

yung seuk

cheuk ka hamnida

bojoo

pyihagi

bitkyuh surgi

shillye hamnida

sa bang hyang

moyo

ahnyonghee gasipsiyo

ahnyonghee gyesipsiyo

yoboseyo

jupgi

ahnyong hasimnika

moreuge seoyo

ahlge seoyo

choesong hamnida

chaemi isseoyo

ahnyonghee gasayo

ahnyonghee gyesayo

ahnyong hasayo

mian hamnida

komap sumnida

mom omgigi

uro

pangap seumnida

goorugi

toh poepkeseoyo

mee keul myu

dolmyo

hecho

gamya

kahm sa hamnida

kwaen chanayo

donzigi

dora

bituro

kuht neun

eoseo osayo

cheon maeneyo


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